AFRICA, ARCHIVES UNIVESTITAIRES, NIGERIA, sociologie

Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 6 No. 1. 1992: 47-58
Title: Female Faculty in Journalism Education in Nigeria: Implications for the Status of Women in the Society
Description: Abstract This paper addresses gender issues in the training of journalists in Nigeria. Recognizing the power of the media in influencing decisions and attitudes in society, it criticizes the absence of women teachers in Nigerian institutes of mass communication and schools of journalism and argues that this has further marginalized the Nigerian woman in a society that is predominantly male-dominated. The paper suggests that if more women became trainers of journalists they would influence their students in their perceptions of the role of women in society. This would in turn have a multiplier effect as their students join the media and help change the image of women in society. R&uni* Ce document se penche sur le probleme de 1’appartenance sexuelle dans la formation des joumalistes au Nigeria. Reconnaissant le pouvoir des meclias dans l’influence de la prise de decisions et de l’attitude de la socie’te’, il critique 1’absence des professeurs f6minins dans les instituts nigerians de communication de masses et dans les ecoles du joumalisme, et soutient que cela a contribue’ a marginaliser la femme nige’rianne dans une socie’te’ dominee par les males. L’article laisse entendre que si plus de femmes devenaient enseignantes de joumalisme, elles pourraient influencer leurs 6tudiants dans leur perception du role des femmes dans la soci&e’. D’apres l’auteur, cela aurait un effet multiplicateur quand les 6tudiants a leur tour rejoindraient les madias, 6tant donnc qu’ils contnbueraient a changer l’image de la femme dans la socie’te’.
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 6 No. 1. 1992: 59-70
Title: Reporting African Countries in the Nigerian Press: Perspectives in International News
Description: Abstract This paper examines the reporting of news about African countries with emphasis on quantity, quality and distribution in selected Nigerian newspapers. It also tries to find out the significance of the Commonwealth factor in the newspapers’ reporting of foreign news. Major themes and directions of the news were also analysed. The findings indicate a clear reflection of Nigeria’s foreign policy in the coverage of foreign news by the national newspapers. Africa is the most reported region compared to other regions of the world. Rtsumi Cet article traite du reportage sur les pays africains avec un accent sur la quality, la quantite et la distribution, dans un echantillon de joumaux nigerians. D essaie egalement de trouver l’incidence du facteur « Commonwealth » dans le reportage des nouvelles e’trangeres. D’autres orientations et themes importants des nouvelles ont 6tᆪ egalement analyses. Les conclusions de cet analyse indiquent une nette reflection de la politique 6trangere du Nigeria dans la couverture des nouvelles ftrangeres par les madias nationaux. D’apres l’article, 1* Afrique reste la region la plus rapportee en comparaison aux autres regions du monde.
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 6 No. 2. 1992: 31-46
Title: The Actual Contribution of Mass Media Use To Integrative Tendency in Nigeria
Description: Abstract This article presents an empirical study of the contribution of mass media to various Integrative tendency among three ethnic groups In Nigeria. The study examined five dimensions of integrative tendency, namely (1) spatial integrative behaviour (working, visiting another state); (ii) associational integrative behaviour (working under another tribe, allowing son to marry from another tribe); {ill) government integrative behaviour (fostering interstate travel): (iv) use of a common language; and (v) inter-ethnic trust. The findings suggest that the contribution of the mass media to integrative tendency varies according to media type and dimension of integration. They also indicate Nigeria’s need to streamline media policy on integration. But the author concludes that other agents of socialization (schools, family, peers) may also offer an integrated approach to achieving national cohesion in Nigeria. La Veritable Contribution de l’Usage des Masses Medias au Profit de rint^gration au Nigeria Resume Cet article presente une etude empirique de la contribution des masses medias aux tendences d’integration entre trois groupes ethniques au Nigeria. L’etude passe en revue cinq dimensions de ces tendence d’integration, a savoir. (i) le comportement d’integration vis -a-vis de l’espace (travailler dans un Etat different du slen, voyager dans un autre Etat); (ii) comportement social (travailler sous une autre tribu; permettre a son flls de se marier dans une autre tribu); (ill) contribution gouvemementale (promouvoir des visites lnter-etats); (tv) utilisation d’une langue commune et (v) la conflance interethnique. Les resultats suggerent que la contribution des masses medias a ces tendences d’integration varie suivant le type de medias et la dimension d’integration. Ils font egalement etat du besoln du Nigeria de formuler une politique mediatique d’integration. Cependant l’auteur tire la conclusion que d’autres agents sociaux tels que les ecoles et la famllle, pourraient aussi ofirir une approche
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 6 No. 3. 1992: 1-18
Title: British Colonial Authoritarianism, African Military Dictatorship and the Nigerian Press
Description: Abstract The history of journalism in Nigeria has been influenced by the two major eras of British colonial rule (1895-1960) and indigenous military governments after independence on October 1, 1960. Both forms of governments enacted press laws at various periods in Nigeria’s journalism history. This study compares and contrasts the variables that shaped the laws enacted by both the British colonial and the post-independence military governments, the intended overt and covert objectives of those laws and the reactions of the indigenous people. Resume L’histolre du journalisme au Nigeria a ete infiuencee par deux epoques principales, l’une, celle du regime colonial britannique (1859-1960) et l’autre, celle du gouvemement militaire indigene apres l’accession du pays a l’independance. le ler octobre 1960. Toutes les deux formes de gouvemement ont edicte des lois sur la presse a diverses occasions au cours de l’histoire du journalisme au Nigeria. Cette etude compare et met en contraste les variables qui ont donne forme aux lots decretees a la fois par le regime colonial britannique et les gouvemements militaires du Nigeria post-independant, les intentions visees aussi bien evidentes
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 6 No. 3. 1992: 65-78
Title: Sources of Development Information Among Rural Women in Nigeria: A Case Study
Description: Abstract Communication has become widely accepted all over the developing world as a potent tool for rural development. However, this faith In the power of development communication often appears to be misplaced, as development fails to measure up to expectations even after huge resources have been invested in development communication. Many of the failures of development communication projects arise from the application of inappropriate development paradigms and communication strategies which overemphasize the mass media as channels of communication in the development process. This paper is based on a study carried out to find out what communication media are used by rural women in Nigeria as sources of development information.
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 7 No. 1. 1993: 19-32
Title: Adult Attitude Towards Mass Media in Nigeria
Description: Abstract This study assesses adult attitude towards the mass media in Nigeria. The study answers two questions: (1) What are adult sentiments about the mass media in Nigeria ? and (ii) Are these sentiments varied by demographic variables such as location of residence, ethnicity and gender ? The study analyzed data obtained from 367 adults, drawn from three ethnic groups in Plateau State, Nigeria. The findings show a generally favourable adult attitude towards the mass media. Resume Cet article se penche sur l’attltude des adultes nlgerlans envers les massmedia. II repond a deux questions majeures a savolr: (1) Quels sont les attitudes des adultes nlgerlans envers les mass-medlas ? (11) Est-ce que de telles attitudes des adultes varlent sulvant les variables demographlques telles que les Ueux de residence, l’appartenance ethnlque ou sexuelle ? L’artlcle compare les donnees obtenues des Interviews aux Indlvldus de trols groupes ethnlques de l’Etat des Plateaux au Nigeria. Les resultats montrent que l’attltude des adultes est generalement favorable envers les mass-media.
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 7 No. 2. 1993: 1-16
Title: The Mediation of Dependence: Development Communication Planning for Agricultural Development in Northern Nigeria
Description: Abstract This paper examines the place and role of development communication planning in the context of Nigeria‘s effort to develop its agricultural sector with particular reference to Northern Nigeria. Three cases were identified to show that rather than develop the agricultural sector, the government policies tend to accentuate dependence in this sector. The author argues that development communication planning for agricultural development in Northern Nigeria would not lead to the desired goals of developing the sector. It is therefore argued that the agricultural policy framework needs radical revision. Resume Cette communication examine la place et le role de la planification du developpement de la communication dans le secteur agricole au Nigeria septentrional. Trois cas etaient identifies pour soutenir notre soumission, celle qui est convaincue que, plutdt que de developper le secteur agricole, ces politiques (agricoles) accentuent, en realite, la dependance du secteur agricole. La communication denote que la planification du developpement de la communication pour le developpement agricole au Nigeria septentrional, non obstant ses bonnes intentions, ne pourrait pas mener aux accomplissements desires pour developper ce secteur, done le cadre politique agricole doit etre radicalement revise.
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 8 No. 1. 1994: 25-46
Title: Nigerian Mass Media Handling of Conflict Situations in the West African Sub-Region
Description: Abstract A content analytic study examines the coverage of conflicts within, between, and among nations of the West African sub-region by three of Nigeria‘s leading national dailies and three major weekly news magazines. The aim of the study was to find out how far the newspapers and news magazines made efforts to contribute toward the resolution of the conflicts, in terms of the extent to which they covered the conflicts, and how they went about presenting their news stories, writing their editorials, and making their commentaries on the conflicts. The results showed that the dailies and the weekly news magazines made fairly good efforts to report on the conflicts, and that they gave relatively appropriate emphases to conflict stories, and exhibited such other professional standards as balance, constructiveness, and responsibility in story writing and presentation. However, these standards did not apply to all the nations of the sub-region to the same degree, except for emphases and constructiveness. Nigerian conflicts took a large majority of the media’s attention in terms of absolute coverage and balance and responsibility in story writing and presentation, as against conflicts in the 15 other West African nations. Rfesumfe Une etude analytique du contenu des trois prlncipaux quotidiens et des plus grandes revues hebdomadaires nigerians examine la place accordee aux confllts entre et au seln des nations de la sous-region de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. L’objectif de l’etude etait d’identifler l’ampleur des efforts deployes par les journaux en vue de contribuer a la resolution des conflits. Pour ce faire, l’etude a examine la frequence et rimportance des reportages traitant des conflits dans ces journaux et la facon dont les editoriaux et commentaires y relatifs etaient rediges. Les resultats ont revele que les quotidiens tout comme les revues en questions s’etaient tous interesses, dans une assez grande mesure, aux conflits de la sous-region sur lesquels ils avaient fait de bons reportages et qu’ils avaient accorde une importance assez adequate aux articles portant sur les conflits tout en faisant montre d’un haut niveau de professionalisme quant a l’impartialite, l’approche constructive et la responsabilite en matiere de redaction et de presentation des articles. L’on a decele, cependant, certaines variations au niveau des differentes nations de la region. Ainsi, les conflits nigerians ont capte plus d’attentlon que ceux qui se sont deroules dans les pays voisins si l’on considere les reportages en termes absolus ainsi qu’en ce qui concerne l’equilibre et la responsabilite sur le plan de la redaction et de la presentation des articles. Neanmoins, on n’a note aucune difference au niveau de rimportance accordee a ces conflits dans les journaux ou au niveau de l’aspect constructif dans le traitement de ce theme dans les organes de presse cites ci-dessus.
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 8 No. 1. 1994: 81-96
Title: Democratization and the Challenge of Private Broadcasting in Nigeria*
Description: Abstract This paper reviews the proposed privatisation of the Nigerian broadcast media, notably radio and television. In doing this, the paper is divided into three components. In the first part, a considerable effort is made to examine the historical and political economic backgrounds of privatisation in general and as it relates to the broadcast media in Nigeria in particular. The second part identifies and critically discusses crucial issues, viz. the national interest, the need for quality programming, diversity in ownership and the preservation and promotion of our diverse cultures which, we argue strongly, must be acknowledged and resolved in as much as any meaningful effort to privatise the broadcast media in the country is concerned. In the third part, the paper considers as a challenge the necessity to resolve those issues aforementioned and concludes by recommending a policy option to guide the work of the newly formed National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) in resolving these knotty issues. This policy would facilitate the smooth take off of private broadcasting in the country and at the same time ensure that our national interest, the need for qualitative programmes, diversity in ownership, and the protection and development of our numerous cultures are not compromised. Rteumi Cette etude passe en revue les propositions relatives a la privatisation des media electroniques au Nigeria en pretant une attention particuliere aux projets de privatisation de la radio et de la television. Elle est divisee en trois composantes. Elle precede, en premier lieu, a une etude assez approfondie, des origines historiques, politiques et economiques de la privatisation en general et examine plus en particulier, les rapports de celle-ci avec les media electroniques au Nigeria. L’etude tente, ensuite, de relever et d’analyser les questions les plus importantes dans ce domaine en ce qui concerne les interets nationaux, la necessite d’offrir des programmes de qua lite, d’avoir une variete de proprietaires, de preserver et de promouvoir nos diverses cultures qui doivent a notre avis, etre reconnues et resolues si Ton veut donner un sens a toute tentative de privatisation des media electroniques dans le pays. Pour conclure enfln, l’etude reconnait que la recherche de solutions a ces problemes ne sera pas une tache aisee et avance certaines recommandations en matiere de politiques susceptibles de guider les travaux de la National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) dans ses recherches de solutions a ses problemes epineux. Ces politiques auraient le merite de faciliter le demarrage (d’emissions privees dans le pays), dans les domaines de la radio ou de la television et d’assurer que nos interets nationaux, ne soient pas compromis la qualite des programmes, la diversite des proprietaires ainsi que la protection et le developpement de nos cultures.
 
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 8 No. 2. 1994: 1-14
Title: The Agenda-Setting Function of the International Mass Media: The Case of Newsweek in Nigeria
Description: Abstract The agenda-setting function of the media in an international context is investigated here by examining the relationship between exposure to Newsweek by educated urban Nigerians and the importance they place on various world problems (controlled by demographic factors, cosmopolitanism and national media use variables). A combination of two research methods was employed: a secondary analysis of a sample of 1,213 « better educated » adults in three urban areas of Nigeria in November, 1981 commissioned by the United States Information Agency (USIA), and a content analysis of the international edition of Newsweek for October and November, 1981, seven weeks before and during the survey. The investigation yielded inconclusive results in its comparison of the Newsweek agenda to the magnitude of the relationships between reading Newsweek and selecting each of the same problems as important. Specifically, when comparing the Newsweek’s coverage of 12 international problems to Newsweek readers’ agenda (as compared to non-readers, controlling for background factors), measured from the estimated effects of Newsweek readership and reliance on the selection of each of these problems, a modest positive but non significant rank-order correlation (r = 0.475) was found. R6sum& Cet article etudie le role des media dans la determination d’importance des nouvelles dans un contxte international, en examinant le rapport entre l’exposition a Newsweekdes Nigerians instruits et cosmopolites et rimportance que ceux-ci placent sur de divers problemes dans le monde (le temoin de cette etude est les variables des facteurs demographiques, le cosmopolitanisme et l’utilisation des mfedia nationaux). On a utilise deux methodes de recherche: une analyse secondaire d’un echantillon de 1,213 adultes ‘mieux instruits’ et provenant de trois regions urbaines au Nigeria, en novembre 1981; cette recherche a ete dirigee par l’Agence d’Information des Etats Unis. La deuxieme methode etait une analyse du contenu de l’edition internationale de Newsweek pour les mois d’octobre et de novembre 1981, sept semaines avant et au cours de cette etude.Cette etude a donne des resultats peu concluant dans sa cbmparaison du role de Newsweek au liens etroits qui existent entre la lecture de Newsweek et la selection des problemes presentes dans celui-ci comme etant les problemes les plus importants. Pour dormer un exemple, une comparaison du reportage de Newsweek de 12 problemes internationaux avec la selection par les lecteurs de cette revue des problemes qu’ils considerent les plus importants a decouvert que l’eflfet de la lecture et la selection de ces problemes a une correlation modeste et positive, maisnonsigniflcatifder=0, 475.
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 9 No. 2. 1995: 82-104
Title: Africa’s Image in the Local Press: An Analysis of African News in Some Nigerian Newspapers
Description: Abstract In the wake of accusations and counter-accusations between the West and developing nations over the unbalanced nature of information flow, communication researchers and policy formulation groups have, over the years, been enticed to make decisions based on empirical findings. In this paper, the author presents findings of a study conducted on four leading Nigerian newspapers over a one-year period. His conclusion is that the media in Africa are equally to blame for perpetrating a negative image of the continent, and that the continent can only benefit from a new and more equitable international communication order by re-examining her values. The paper warns that devoting undue attention to conflict, crime and disasters at the expense of the region’s efforts, policies and programmes aimed at advancing the people’s welfare, negates the very principle of balanced reporting which Africa so much craves for. Resume Suite aux accusations et contre-accusations nees entre l’occident et les pays en voie de developpement concemant le desequilible sur le plan du flux de rinformatlon, en science de la communication et de groupes charges de definir les politiques ont ete tentees, durant des annees, de baser leurs decisions sur des resultats empiriques. L’auteur du present article presente les resultats d’une etude menee pendant un an sur quatre journaux les plus importants au Nigeria. II conclut que les medias afrlcains sont egalement a blamer car ils vehiculent une image negative du continent et que ce n’est qu’en re-examinant ses valeurs que celui-ci peut tirer profit d’un nouvel ordre mediatique international plus equitable. L’article souligne qu’ il n’est rien de moins que de nier le principe de reportage equilibre dont l’Afrique a tellement besoin que de centrer une attention excessive sur les conflits, les crimes, les desastres au detriment des efforts, de politiques et des programmes menes au niveau de la region, en vue d’ameliorer le bien-etre de ses populations.
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 9 No. 3. 1995: 32-53
Title: Press Freedom and the Imperatives of Democracy: Towards Sustainable Development
Description: Abstract In this paper, the authors argue that press freedom is a key element of democracy. They, however, contend that for the press to serve its meaningful role towards a country’s sustainable development, it must be transparent, accountable and responsible. The authors draw extensively from research findings in Nigeria and Sierra Leone, which to them are adequately representative of the entire Sub-Saharan Africa region. The paper discusses at length some factors which affect sustainable development, as well as the performance of the press in the two countries. The conclusions made are that the press systems in both Nigeria and Sierra Leone are neither democratic nor do they serve the cause of ensuring sustainable development. A major weakness, the authors maintain, is the fact that the press in the two countries pay more attention to the outside world than to issues affecting their predominantly illiterate population. Resume Dans cet expose, l’argument de base est que la liberte de la presse est un element crucial dans la formation de la democratic Cependant, les auteurs nous avertissent que le developpement soutenable d’un pays va de pair avec la transparance et la responsabilite. Les conclusions se basent sur les donnees recueillies au Nigeria et au Sierra Leone, qui sont pris comme modeles representatifs de l’Afrique Sub-Saharienne. On discute largement les facteurs qui influencent le developpement soutenable, et la performance de la presse dans ces pays. La conclusion tiree est que les systemes de presse au Nigeria et au Sierra Leone n’assurent pas un developpement soutenable, et qu’ils ne sont pas democratiques. La faiblesse de ces systemes est qu’ils se conferment plus facilement aux pressions du monde exterieur qu’aux aspects qui regissent la vie d’une population largement illetree.
Item: Africa Media Review Vol. 10 No. 3. 1996: 21-36
Title: Portrayal of Women in Nigerian Home Video Films: Empowerment or Subjugation?
Description: Abstract The article starts from the premise that empowerment is needed where weakness and subjugation are apparent. Poverty, illiteracy, religion, cultural prejudices, male chauvinistic tendencies manifested in diverse patrilineal practices against women are some of the formidable forces that relegate women to the background. Portrayal of women in the media is examined through their portrayal in selected Igbo language films. The image of women in these films is found to be very bad and capable of negatively influencing the perception of women among the large audience of video films in Nigeria. The article shows that the technology of video has been effectively used for the empowerment of severely marginalised social groups like poor and illiterate women in some rural Third World countries. It is advocated that women actors should reject roles that relegate them to second fiddle. The domination of male producers in the home video industry is decried, and women are encouraged to seek more positive and active roles. Resume Le theme central de cet article est le passage du pouvoir a ceux qui se trouvent domines, partout ou cette faiblesse et la subjugation existent. La pauvrete, l’analphabetisme, la religion, les prejuges culturels et le chauvinisme masculin se rangent parmi les puissances sociales qui oeuvrent contre les femmes. Celles-ci, entre autres, facilitent la domination et la marginalisation des femmes partout dans le monde. Dans cette communication, on expose l’image des femmes telle qu’elle ressort d’un echantillon de cassettes video en Igbo (= l’une des langues les plus rfipandues au Nigeria). C’est une mauvaise image qu’on peint, susceptible d’influencer n6gativement la perception des femmes, chez les consommateurs de ce genre de medias. L’auteur s’efforce de montrer qu’on a pu efficacement utiliser la technologie des cassettes video pour faciliter le passage du pouvoir au groupes socialement et severement marginalises. En effet son article donne l’exemple bien connu, des femmes analphabetes et pauvres, des regions rurales dans les pays du tiers monde. La suggestion de l’auteur est que les femmes devraient refuser de jouer les roles qui devalorisent les femmes et renforcent cette image. On regrette la domination masculine dans le secteur de la production des cassettes domestiques. En effet, Okunna incite les femmes concernees a infiltrer ce domaine, de fa9on a ce qu’elles puissent participer a la production au meme pied d’6galit6 que leurs colegues masculins.
Item: Institute of African Studies: Research Review Vol. 18 No. 2 2002: 23-38
Title: NIGERIA’S POPULATION POLICY AND FUTURE FERTILITY DECLINE
Description: Abstract The government of the Federal Republic of’Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, promulgated its first explicit population policy in 1988, in response to the soaring population growth rate that impedes developmental efforts. The policy document has stipulated a number of quantitative demographic targets. Paramount among these is the intention to reduce total fertility rate (TFR) to 4, raise the use of family planning methods to 80 per cent, and raise mean age at first marriage to 18 years, by the year 2000. However, a macrosimulation analysis of changes in the proximate determinants of fertility as enshrined in the policy document reveals that Nigeria’s TFR will fall from about 6 to 2 instead of 4, which is far beyond the government’s expectations. It is, therefore, needful to revisit the demographic targets of the population policy of Nigeria.
Item: Institute of African Studies: Research Review Vol. 18 No. 2 2002: 39-52
Title: INCIDENCE OF PHYSICAL SPOUSE ABUSE IN NIGERIA: A PILOT STUDY
Description: Abstract This exploratory study of the incidence of physical spouse abuse in Nigeria reveals that women are the primary victims. The study further reveals that early marriages, length of marriage, number and ages of children, size of household, amount of household income and the reluctance of the police to intervene in familial affairs affect the incidence of spouse abuse in Nigeria. Based on these findings, the author suggests that laws making all forms of domestic violence a crime be passed, victims be encouraged to take legal actions against perpetrators, and that the criminal justice system arrests, prosecutes, and punishes violators.
Item: Institute of African Studies: Research Review Vol. 18 No. 2 2002: 63-72
Title: PRESERVING CULTURE THROUGH NEW ARTISTIC FORMS: THE CASE OF DURO LADIPO’S FOLKI ORIC THEATRE
Description: Abstract This study has asserted that art does not only exist for the mere titillation of the senses, but rather, it performs a functional role, its main objective being to affect man. The popular tradition of drama in West Africa by the traveling theatre troupes, and which they are still dominating through the television and film media, is one of the new permanent forms through which the mythical repertory is transfused with new life and vigour and stored for posterity. These forms also serve as propaganda machineries through which traditional cultural practices are disseminated to the world at large. This study examines some of Duro Ladipo’s folkloric plays and how they disseminate a message of moral re-armament and cultural renaissance in 21st century Nigeria. The African mythical repertories, which are important manifestations of the African culture, have been used as source materials for these plays. Newer artistic forms such as writing and television production have been used to bring the myths alive and make them available to a wider audience. Relevant themes presented in the plays include patriotism, the womanist ideal as extant in the traditional African society, the African moralistic ideal revealed through the presentation of religion as an indispensable part of the Yoruba existence, etc. Duro Ladipo’s plays have sought to catch up with the dynamics of Nigerian life and have attempted to establish the relevance of the mythical repertory to the Nigerian condition.
Item: Institute of African Studies: Research Review Vol. 11 No. 1&2 1995: 16-26
Title: ISSUES IN WOMEN’S EDUCATION, HEALTH, AND NUTRITION: A NIGERIAN OBSERVATION
Description: ABSTRACT A central issue in nutrition and health of children is maternal education. In Nigeria, as in many other African countries, the state ofeducaiton of women is very deplorable. In the rural areas, where traditonal values and norms are very strict, women feel relatively disenfranchised and powerless in pursuing their educational and other personal needs and goals. In addition to traditional restrictions, they suffer from religious moratorium of some sort, in their efforts to meet their social needs. Under these conditons most rural women remain predominantly ignorant, in a social revolutinary sense, thus lacking in both positive aggression and self-esteem. The authors emphasized the deliterious effects which poor maternal education and illiteracy would have on childbearing. In particualr, since a child’s physical and mental well-being depend greatly on the maternal skill of nurturance and knowledge about healthful living, children of uneducated and illiterate mothers are more likely to experience greater vulnerability to diseases. Suggestions for the prevention and alleviation of maternal educational impoverishment are included for policy implementation.
Item: Journal of Social Development in Africa Vol. 10 No. 2, 1995: 61-80
Title: Regional Inequalities in the Process of Nigeria’s Development: Socio-Political and Administrative Perspective
Description: ABSTRACT The paper examines the administrative policies and political actions of the earlier administrators in Nigeria. The account reveals that regional inequalities in the country evolved during the one hundred years 1861-1960 of British Colonial Administration. Nonetheless, the activities of various ethno-linguistic groups and petite bourgeoisie especially after political independence in 1960 reinforced and even aggravated the regional inequality formation. The policy recommendations in this paper call for individual and regional equity based on consensual sociopolitical and economic policies which are likely to promote a change that is desirable. Such policies include: people-centred development strategies for sustainable growth, distributive measures geared toward employment and income generation, abatement of ethnocentrism and the creation of regional balance through administrative decentralisation.
Item: Journal of Social Development in Africa Vol. 10 No. 1, 1995: 37-52
Title: Continuing Education Programmes for Socioeconomic Development in Nigeria: An Antidote for Mass Student Failure in COSC in Lesotho
Description: ABSTRACT As a way of eradicating illiteracy globally, UNESCO declared 1990 as the International Literacy Year (ILY). This is because about 963 million adults are still illiterate all over the world and this colossal figure can inhibit development effort in each of the countries concerned. Since most developing countries of Africa do not have less than a 60% illiteracy rate, efforts must be intensified to drastically reduce this figure. Education the world over is a strong weapon of social change, a bedrock of national socioeconomic development and an instrument for breaking the backdrop of oppression, ignorance, victimisation and perpetual dependence. This paper analyses the roles which a Continuing Education Programme (CEP) could play in assisting with the individual’s growth and development in any society. A general overview of the modus operandi of the CEP in Nigeria is made and used as a signpost for stimulating educational advancement in Lesotho. This is with a view to improve not only the failure rate of students at the COSC examinations but also as a means of adequately integrating the illiterate returning adult miners into society through the provision of viable functional and vocational education. Recommendations are made as to the modalities of effectively conducting Continuing Education Programmes, in particular for the institutions that are supposedly charged with the responsibilities of organising non-formal education programmes in Lesotho. One hopes that the detailed analysis regarding the methodology of CEP could even be adopted and/or adapted by other developing countries of Africa as a way of stimulating educational development and thus eradicating illiteracy and ignorance.
Item: Journal of Social Development in Africa Vol. 6 No. 2, 1991: 33-52
Title: Achieving Self-reliance in Food Production in Nigeria: Maximising the Contribution of Rural Women
Description: « ABSTRACT Development policies in Nigeria have emphasised industrialisation leading to the neglect of agriculture. The oil boom of the 1970s worsened the neglect of the agricultural sector, while the oil glut of the 1980s made it mandatory to revamp the economy. The Structural Adjustment Programme was therefore adopted in 1986, and included a package to revamp the agricultural sector as an integral part of the programme. One of the objectives of the agricultural sector is the achievement of selfreliance in food production to eliminate food imports. The paper argues that if the objective of selfreliance in food production is to be achieved, rural women who produce and process a substantial part of Nigeria’s food crops must become a target group for agricultural policies. They face constraints such as lack of or limited access to education, land, agricultural extension services, agricultural inputs, credit and appropriate technology. Policies b eradicate these constraints should be become an integral part of agricultural development programmes in Nigeria. »

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